Stories about: encephaltis

More bugs and bites? Protect your child from ticks and mosquitoes this season

We’re not the only ones who enjoyed the record-setting mild winter—ticks and mosquitoes have too. While normal winters produce hard freezes that kill off these pests or make them dormant, unseasonably warm temperatures allowed adult mosquitoes and ticks to live through it, creating early arrival and a potential population boom for some types of bugs.

So how can you prepare your family for the early onslaught of ticks and mosquitoes?

“Prevention is key,” says Catherine Lachenauer, MD, director of Infectious Diseases Outpatient Practice at Boston Children’s Hospital. “Avoid areas at the edge of the woods with long grasses. Also, wearing long, light-colored clothing helps keep ticks from getting on the skin and makes it easier to recognize one on your body.”

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Things are looking up: One child's battle with encephalitis

Not all seizures in children are violent. Some could even go unnoticed. Others might cause a child to go instantly dark, like an unplugged lamp—unable to respond and staring into space. That’s what happened to Collin Goodchild on July 1, 2008, when he was almost 6.

After a second seizure almost 10 days later, Collin came to Children’s, unable to walk in a straight line or follow a moving finger with his eyes, and his arm was jerking uncontrollably. “Our minds were racing,” says Collin’s father, Mark. “It was a complete nightmare.”

Children’s doctors diagnosed Collin with encephalitis, an inflammation in the brain that can be caused by a number of things, including viruses, bacteria and the body’s immune system turning against itself.

Fortunately for the Goodchilds, encephalitis—which is often confused with the more dangerous bacterial meningitis—is rarely fatal in the United States. But identifying its cause can be a real challenge. There are a few tests that can recognize certain causes, but often doctors and families never know for sure what’s behind a child’s encephalitis. “The doctors tested Collin for everything they could, but everything was coming back normal,” says Mark. “I was glad he didn’t have the bad things he was being tested for, but it wasn’t giving us any answers, so it was kind of bittersweet. ”

Collin's condition baffled his doctors

Encephalitis is known to cause symptoms like fever, confusion and difficulty walking and talking, but these often subside over time. Unfortunately, there’s no way to know how long this might take, or what, if any, long-lasting effects the encephalitis might lead to down the road. “The doctors can tell you, ‘We hope he’ll talk again. We hope he’ll walk again. We hope he’ll eat on his own,'” says Mark. “But they don’t know—that’s what’s so scary.”

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