Author: Holly Gooding

Ask the expert: How to handle teen’s high cholesterol

Advice from Boston Children's doctors on what to do when your teen has high cholesterol
PHOTO ILLUSTRATION: SEBASTIAN STANKIEWICZ/BOSTON CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL

Our pediatrician checked our teenager’s cholesterol and it came back high. What should we do?

Anxious parents

In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended routine cholesterol screening for all young people ages 9-11 and 17-21 years. Since then, we have seen many more young people screened for cholesterol problems, although overall screening rates remain low. Cholesterol is an important part of heart health, along with having a healthy diet, exercise, weight, blood pressure, blood sugar and avoiding all tobacco products. When doctors check cholesterol, it is important to think about all of these healthy heart factors.

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5 tips to help teens stay heart healthy

healthy teen 2As parents, we want our kids to stay healthy throughout their lives. The teen years are an important time to build healthy cardiovascular habits.

In 2010, the American Heart Association set the bold goal of improving the cardiovascular health of all Americans by 20 percent. In setting this goal, they created a paradigm shift from the treatment of cardiovascular disease to the promotion of cardiovascular health. Their recommendation was based on more than a decade of data showing adults who reach middle age without any major cardiovascular disease risk factors have a high chance of staying healthy well into old age. They don’t just have lower rates of heart disease and stroke; they also have lower rates of cancer, memory loss and kidney disease.

What is cardiovascular health? The American Heart Association defines cardiovascular health as having optimal blood pressure, blood cholesterol and blood glucose while also maintaining a normal weight, not smoking, being physically active and eating well.

Unfortunately, essentially zero Americans have all seven of these cardiovascular health factors — mostly due to the unhealthy American diet. Only 19 percent of teens and 8 percent of young adults have six of the seven.

As an adolescent medicine physician at Boston Children’s Hospital, my research focuses on how we can keep teens heart healthy as they transition to adulthood.

My patients and their parents often ask about cardiovascular health. Here’s how I answer some of the most common questions.

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